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3 Types of Diets

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3 Types of Diets

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A diet refers to the way that a person eats on a regular basis. Diets vary greatly around the world, depending on cultural traditions and the types of food that are best grown in a region. People often say that they are going on a diet when they are restricting their calorie intake for weight loss purposes. However, people alter their diets and the way that they eat for many reasons, including disease prevention, weight loss, overall health, or for certain ethical reasons. Here are three types of diets and what they entail.

1. Ketogenic

A keto diet consists of foods that contain high amounts of fat, high to moderate amounts of protein, and low amounts of carbohydrates. Keto diets are similar to Atkins and other diets that are low in carbs. Some people embark on this way of eating to help with conditions such as high blood sugar, cancer, epilepsy, and diabetes, while others go keto to lose excess body weight and fat.

A keto diet assists with fat loss by putting the body in a state of ketosis, which is when the body burns off its excess fat stores for energy rather than carbohydrates. People on a keto diet will eat lots of red meat, fatty fish, cheese, eggs, oils, nuts, and green vegetables. They avoid foods containing high amounts of sugar, fruits, beans, and alcoholic beverages. There are many keto recipes on weight loss forums and other sites like the Kitchen Community.

2. Plant-Based

A plant-based diet is one that eliminates or greatly reduces the consumption of animal products such as red meat, chicken, fish, eggs, and dairy products. Most people who eat plant-based do so for health reasons, as this diet may help lower inflammation, reduce the risk of heart disease, lower cholesterol, and improve the immune system. Plant-based eaters opt for lots of whole grains, beans and legumes, fruits and vegetables, and protein sources such as tofu. A plant-based way of eating is often confused with veganism. However, it differs from veganism as vegans also avoid things such as wearing leather and wool in addition to not consuming animal products for food.

3. Mediterranean

This diet, named after the scenic coastal region of Europe and northern Africa, is popular among people looking for a way to eat that is heart-healthy but not too restrictive. The Mediterranean diet is based on the foods traditionally consumed in countries like Italy, Greece, France, and Spain. This diet is similar to a plant-based way of eating, with adherents consuming plenty of vegetables, legumes, whole grains, nuts, and olive oil. However, poultry and seafood, including fatty fish such as salmon, are usually permitted in moderation, with red meat eaten on rare occasions or not at all. In addition to food, getting plenty of exercise is a key component of the Mediterranean diet.

Consider doing more research if any of these diets interest you. As always, consult with your doctor or another medical professional before drastically changing your eating habits or the amount of food you consume.

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